31 Aug Golden retriever skin issues: everything you need to know
Golden Retrievers are a joy to have around, but one of the challenges these vibrant dogs face revolves around their skin health. From bathing routines to the nitty-gritty of allergies, this guide digs into everything you need to know about Golden Retriever skin issues, so you can help your furry friend stay as radiant on the outside as they are on the inside.
Understanding the golden retriever coat type
Let’s chat about that luscious coat your furry friend sports. Did you know they’re rocking a double layer? That’s right! They have a snuggly soft undercoat paired with a superhero-like water-resistant outer layer. This combo keeps them warm during chilly winters and acts like a shield against water and the bright sun. But, like all superheroes, there’s a tiny kryptonite: their coats can trap dirt, debris and those sneaky allergens. So, a little extra TLC is needed to keep their skin happy and itch-free.
Ever wondered why they’re called retrievers? Well, history tells us they were the go-to buddies for fetching from the water. Thanks to their double coat, they could do this without a hiccup. And just like us humans, Goldens have their unique hairstyles—some flaunt wavy locks while others rock a straight and shorter look.
Regular grooming sessions are your Golden’s best friend! Their coats can get a tad tangled, so a good brush helps. And heads up, they’re known for a bit of a hair storm especially in the spring and fall. Because they’re so plush, sometimes it’s a wee bit tricky to spot any skin issues. Keep an eye out during grooming!
Golden retriever health concerns
Goldens can sometimes face health challenges like hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and certain heart conditions. While these issues aren’t directly skin related, sometimes our pals might show signs on their skin due to stress or the medicine they’re on. So, always keep an eye out on their skin and give them an extra belly rub while you’re at it.
Why does my golden retriever scratch so much?
Golden Retrievers, like many dogs, can be sensitive to lots of things. The usual suspects? Fleas, food allergies, environmental triggers, dry skin, mites, and those pesky ear infections.
If you notice that your furry pal is scratching a bit more than usual, pause and play detective. See if you can figure out the cause before diving into treatments. We all want to help our pets instantly, but the wrong remedy might just add to their discomfort. Consult with your veterinarian when you first notice signs of discomfort to keep the situation from getting out of control.
What are environmental allergens?
These invisible mischief-makers can be found both indoors and outdoors. Some of the usual suspects are:
- Plants and fungus: Grass, pollens, trees, hay, straw and mould.
- Scent-heavy human products: Air fresheners, candles and cigarette smoke.
- Cleaning and hygiene products: Dog shampoo and laundry detergent on bedding.
Environmental allergens are everywhere and can make some dogs, especially sensitive ones like our lovable Golden Retrievers, feel a little itchy and scratchy.
Golden retrievers, and many other breeds, can suffer from environmental allergies, and develop atopic dermatitis. Ever notice your Golden scratching but can’t see any redness? That thick, luscious coat of theirs is excellent for cuddles but can sometimes conceal skin reactions.
Symptoms to watch out for:
- Itchy, inflamed skin – from full-body scratches to more specific areas like their ears and eyes
- Constant paw licking or chewing
- Recurrent ear infections
- Teary eyes and a runny nose.
If left unchecked, these symptoms might lead to infections. If that tail isn’t wagging as usual and there’s excessive hair shedding, it’s time to ring up your vet. Depending on the allergy type and its severity, they’ll guide you on the best remedies.
What is canine atopic dermatitis?
Atopic dermatitis is a condition that is predominantly genetic in a significant number of golden retrievers. Although many breeds can develop atopic dermatitis, our lovable Golden Retrievers rank high on the list of breeds that face the challenges caused by this skin condition. It causes their bodies to become highly inflamed and sensitive to dust particles, grass, tree pollen and certain cleaning products.
Spotting the signs of atopic dermatitis
If your dog shows any of these signs, they might be sending out an SOS:
- Persistent scratching
- Red or inflamed skin
- Missing patches of fur
- Ear troubles or infections
- Sudden appearance of hot spots.
What causes dog hot spots?
Have you ever come across a red, oozy patch on your golden retriever’s skin? That’s commonly known as a hot spot, and they’re not the most comfortable for our furry pals.
Hot spots, technically termed acute moist dermatitis, can pop up if your golden’s skin gets a bit too irritated. Maybe they’ve had an itchy reaction to allergens, been bitten by pesky insects, or their gorgeous thick coat kept their skin wet a tad too long. The warmth and dampness creates the perfect environment for these inflamed spots.
If you see your fur buddy scratching more than usual, here’s what a vet trip might involve:
- A closer look: Your vet might do a flea combing, skin scraping or cytology. This helps to see if any tiny critters are causing your dog’s itchiness.
- Dietary detective work: Persistent symptoms might lead to an elimination diet. This can help identify any food allergies that might be causing skin troubles.
If your golden’s situation seems severe, please get them to a vet as soon as possible. They might need some extra care like hair clipping around the hot spot, topical antiseptics, creams or certain medications.
How do parasites contribute to golden retriever skin problems?
Just as we catch a cold, our dogs can pick up parasites. If they hang out or even travel through areas where these little bugs thrive, there’s a chance of an unwanted souvenir. Some parasites could even be behind that golden retriever ear infection or other health hiccups.
Fleas are one of the main reasons behind the itch-fests our Goldens might have. If you spot some tiny brown specks (or even things that move!) on your dog’s skin, it could be a flea alert. Beware, these tiny nuisances can also make themselves at home on your furniture and spread to other fur buddies. Flea saliva can cause allergic reactions in dogs so regular check-ups are key.
Ticks, on the other hand, play hide and seek really well, especially with the Golden’s plush coat. Make it a routine to check your dog’s coat for these critters. After all, it’s always easier to prevent than to treat.
If your Golden has some unwelcome tiny guests, the treatment can range from topical solutions to oral medicine, or sometimes both. Remember, chat with your vet. They can guide you to the best parasite preventatives. Usually, veterinary options get a big thumbs-up as they tend to be more effective and safer than the ones you grab off the shelf.
Common food allergies in golden retrievers
Our lovely Golden Retrievers, like us, can sometimes react to certain foods. Some of our furry pals might be sensitive to ingredients most often proteins such as beef or chicken. If you’re noticing any telltale signs of a food allergy, like excessive scratching along with vomiting and diarrhoea, it’s time to chat with your vet.
Humans often cut out foods they suspect they’re sensitive to, and we can apply the same idea to our pets through an elimination diet. Over a couple of weeks, with guidance from your vet, you’d transition your dog to a food with a different protein source and maintain it for around eight weeks. If this curbs those pesky symptoms, it suggests that you’ve successfully eliminated the culprit from culprit from the diet.
How often should you bathe your Golden?
Golden Retrievers, being natural water-lovers, have that gorgeous thick coat that’s naturally water-repellent, thanks to their skin’s secret oils. Now, how often you should pamper them with a bath depends on their adventures! An indoor buddy might need fewer baths than one who loves romping in the backyard or exploring ponds. But remember, bathing too frequently might strip away those beneficial oils. So, a good rule of thumb? A bath once a month or when they’ve had an especially muddy day! And always reach for that gentle dog shampoo.
Where might your Golden show allergy symptoms?
Allergies can be sneaky! In Golden Retrievers, they often manifest as itching, hot spots or even dry skin, especially around the ears, face and belly. And those adorable ears? They’re sensitive. If you notice them being red, itchy or smelly, it’s essential to act quickly to avoid more severe infections.
After outdoor adventures, a quick wipe down with a damp cloth can help remove any pesky allergens from their coat. Make it a routine to inspect their skin; look out for redness, feel for unusual lumps, or areas that seem warm. Don’t forget to part their thick fur to peek at the skin beneath. With regular check-ins and timely care, your fluffy companion could be living their happiest, itch-free life!
Does spring bring on new challenges in managing your pet’s health? Book a FREE phone discussion with a vet to understand how plant-based therapies could help.